[KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization

Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization

Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Free download ´ 5 In this provocative wide ranging book Against the Grain Richard Manning offers a dramatically revisionist view of recent human evolution beginning with the vast increase in brain size that set us apart from our primate relatives and brought an accompanying increase in our need for nourishment For 290000 years we managed to meet that need as hunter gatherers a state in which Manning believes we were at our most human at. I was a bit unsure what to expect from this book Manning starts out with some history of agriculture and conflicts between agricultural and huntergatherer type communities and throughout I was rather expecting a Derrick Jensen type conclusion like down with agriculture return to the huntergatherer mode which didn t come In fact the conclusion was just a call for sustainable agriculture which to me seemed like a weak point to make after all the dissatisfaction with the agricultural system that Manning expressed in the foregoing chaptersBeyond that to me dissonance the book was okay Fairly dry with a lot of facts and figures and names and dates interspersed with sort of poetic personal stories here and there I also got annoyed by Manning s attitude towards vegetarianvegan diets He sees vegetarians etc apparently as nothing than rebellious teens possibly a bit sissy

Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning

Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Free download ´ 5 Our smartest strongest most sensually alive But our reliance on food made a secure supply deeply attractive and eventually we embarked upon the agricultural experiment that has been the history of our past 10000 yearsThe evolutionary road is littered with failed experiments however and Manning suggests that agriculture as we have practiced it runs against both our grain and nature's Drawing on the work of anthropologist. Reads like a agriculturally focused version of Jared Diamond s Guns Germs and Steel On huntingHunting enlivens the senses like no other experience giving me a taste of what it must be like to truly see and hearThe human beings who maintain these hyper refined senses are hunter gatherers Their impressive powers of perception have been noted and detailed by just about every student of hunter gatherer groups It is not only that they sense than the rest of us do but that they do so in a ualitatively different fashion synaesthesia overlapping of senses Think feeling a colorFly fishing is simply a means for contemplating riversGamboling about plain and forest hunting and living off the land is fun Farming is not That s all one needs to know to begin a rethinking of the issue The fundamental uestion was properly phrased by Colin Tudge of the London School of Economics The real problem then is not to explain why some people were slow to adopt agriculture but why anybody took it up at all when it is so obviously beastly Which came first Civilisation or agricultureTo ratchet up farming would reuire a significant level of human disturbance That is it would reuire that people congregate in settlements places where their activity would disturb land and important where people would stay long enough to plant and harvest Sedentism was a precondition of agriculture This flies directly in the face of the just so story that suggests it was the efficiency of agriculture that made settlement possibleBecause of the permanent occupation of land it became important to establish a family s claim on the land and veneration of ancestors was a part of that processThe availability of soft foods meant children could be weaned earlier at one year instead of four Women then could turn out the masses of children that would grow up to build pyramids and moundsOn famine and other aspects of life after civilisationThroughout history famine has been concentrated at population centers Given this pattern it is difficult to see agriculture as the antidote to hunger In fact the pattern suggests the opposite Famine was the mark of a maturing agricultural society the very badge of civilizationSimply put the population explosion that agriculture allows creates the need for expansion as it has since the first wheat beef people hit the European plain A society however also can settle the problem with faminePopulation explosion generates the need to grow food but agriculture is the cause of that population explosion and agriculture creates government The hierarchical specialized societies that agriculture builds are wholly dependent on the smooth operation of their infrastructure on stability on transportation Dams must be built canals must flow roads must be maintained and government must be established to order those tasks Government leaders emerge from the social hierarchy that agriculture s wealth makes possiblePoverty government and famine are coevolved species every bit as integral to catastrophic agriculture as wheat bluegrass smallpox and brown ratsAnd sugar was a remarkably efficient food producing the most calories per acre of any crop An acre of sugar will produce the same number of calories as four acres of potatoes twelve of wheat or 135 devoted to raising beef There is a fundamental tension inherent in civilized economies one that intensifies as they develop Farming pyramid building and industrialism above all reuire a huge pool of cheap labor But that pool must be fed We have seen that famine disease and simple malnourishment can come to the rescue of an overtaxed economy by correcting periodic population imbalances In this light famine poverty and disease are useful institutions which is perhaps why Christ was so certain they would always be with us The trumpeted tool for this task though is efficiency a favorite word of economists In this mind set food is no longer a pleasure an aesthetic experience a bearer of culture and tradition It is not cuisine but calories The efficiency of sugar fit nicely with the ascendant dehumanization that was British industrialismLike famine malnutrition promotes infant mortality and suppresses the birthrate biasing the population toward working adultsOn agriculture todayAfter the agricultural revolution Before farming had been uniuely autonomous of industry because machines couldn t make food only nature could All of a sudden machines were integral to the processHowever the business of directly supporting prices with cash payments to farmers didn t emerge in force until the Great Depression These payments were intended to keep food cheap to keep farmers on the land to diversify the crop base and above all to be temporary They have succeeded only in the first goalIrrigation now accounts for 70 percent of the freshwater used by humansAmerican farmers have always grown commodities in surplus Our country is almost uniue in having never known famine Even during the worst of the breadlines in the Great Depression there was surplus grainExpecting farmers to respond to market signals now is a bit like expecting an alcoholic to order the herbal tea at an open bar This is the legacy of subsidy Governments including Mexico s got in the business of making nitrogen cheap and farmers lapped it up but it created a welfare state Emblematic of that state is a deep seated irrationality that ignores cause and effectWe hide grain surpluses in foreign aid but the traditional way of hiding corn is in livestockThe original purpose of the USDA department of agriculture s food pyramid was to encourage consumption of the surplus grain and meat that was being producedFor instance the raising of swine for food was banned in the Middle East as recently was coffee use among Mormons because omnivorous swine ate scarce protein and coffee which had to be imported in nineteenth century Utah took a heavy toll on resources That is the taboos were used to enforce a social good not rooted in avoiding toxins Taboos could be useful but just as often they were used to divide peopleThe central strategy of the chains is to dumb down every operation to process food and freeze it at centralized factories so that it can be thawed and served at restaurants by unskilled labor As a conseuence there are no unionized McDonald s and the average wage of fast food workers is now the lowest of any sector in the United States including migrant farm workersA thirty two ounce soda and a tank of gas is America distilled to its seminal fluids sugar syrup and oilWhat nowThe political system cannot be counted on to reform agriculture because any political system is a creation of agriculture a coevolved entity The major forces that shaped and shape our world disease imperialism colonialism slavery trade wealth all are a part of the culture agriculture evolved We carry evidence of its disease in our bones and blood of its pollutants in our cells as surely as those ten thousand year old skeletons of farmers are deformed and decayed by the very same infectious diseases stoop labor and exploitation Just as surely agriculture dug the tunnel of our visionThere is a distinction to be made between what I have called agriculture and simply growing food Call the latter farming a distinction that still has its problems though it will serve for a first cut The difference is that the goal of agriculture is not feeding people it is the accumulation of wealthIt is generally understood that companion planting or intercropping of various species causes the phenomenon of overyielding in which each plant produces than it would if grown alone However with the row cropping and mechanical harvest of monoculture this is not a practical system of agriculture on any sort of scale so fertilizer substitutes for intercropping Mundt however tried to obtain overyielding by planting together not different crops but different varieties of rice which could be uniformly harvested by machine It worked spectacularly This sort of research will not come out of a corporation simply because the results don t reuire anyone to buy something A farmer buys as much seed as usual probably less fertilizer The solution is simple elegant and cheap but for suppliers unprofitable Large areas of unexplored terrain due to the profit seeking motive not seeing purpose in pursuing them Chimica. Principi modelli applicazioni. Per il biennio delle Scuole superiori. Con e-book. Con espansione online yearsThe evolutionary road is littered with failed experiments however and Manning suggests that agriculture as we have practiced it runs against both our grain and nature's Drawing on the work of anthropologist. Reads like a agriculturally focused version of Jared Diamond s Guns Germs and Steel On huntingHunting enlivens the senses like no other experience giving me a taste of what it must be like to truly see and hearThe human beings who maintain these hyper refined senses are hunter gatherers Their impressive powers of perception have been noted and detailed by just about every student of hunter gatherer groups It is not only that they sense than the rest of us do but that they do so in a ualitatively different fashion synaesthesia overlapping of senses Think feeling a colorFly fishing is simply a means for contemplating riversGamboling about plain and forest hunting and living off the land is fun Farming is not That s all one needs to know to begin a rethinking of the issue The fundamental uestion was properly phrased by Colin Tudge of the London School of Economics The real problem then is not to explain why some people were slow to adopt agriculture but why anybody took it up at all when it is so obviously beastly Which came first Civilisation or agricultureTo ratchet up farming would reuire a significant level of human disturbance That is it would reuire that people congregate in settlements places where their activity would disturb land and important where people would stay long enough to plant and harvest Sedentism was a precondition of agriculture This flies directly in the face of the just so story that suggests it was the efficiency of agriculture that made settlement possibleBecause of the permanent occupation of land it became important to establish a family s claim on the land and veneration of ancestors was a part of that processThe availability of soft foods meant children could be weaned earlier at one Ritual Power Healing and Community year instead of four Women then could turn out the masses of children that would grow up to build pyramids and moundsOn famine and other aspects of life after civilisationThroughout history famine has been concentrated at population centers Given this pattern it is difficult to see agriculture as the antidote to hunger In fact the pattern suggests the opposite Famine was the mark of a maturing agricultural society the very badge of civilizationSimply put the population explosion that agriculture allows creates the need for expansion as it has since the first wheat beef people hit the European plain A society however also can settle the problem with faminePopulation explosion generates the need to grow food but agriculture is the cause of that population explosion and agriculture creates government The hierarchical specialized societies that agriculture builds are wholly dependent on the smooth operation of their infrastructure on stability on transportation Dams must be built canals must flow roads must be maintained and government must be established to order those tasks Government leaders emerge from the social hierarchy that agriculture s wealth makes possiblePoverty government and famine are coevolved species every bit as integral to catastrophic agriculture as wheat bluegrass smallpox and brown ratsAnd sugar was a remarkably efficient food producing the most calories per acre of any crop An acre of sugar will produce the same number of calories as four acres of potatoes twelve of wheat or 135 devoted to raising beef There is a fundamental tension inherent in civilized economies one that intensifies as they develop Farming pyramid building and industrialism above all reuire a huge pool of cheap labor But that pool must be fed We have seen that famine disease and simple malnourishment can come to the rescue of an overtaxed economy by correcting periodic population imbalances In this light famine poverty and disease are useful institutions which is perhaps why Christ was so certain they would always be with us The trumpeted tool for this task though is efficiency a favorite word of economists In this mind set food is no longer a pleasure an aesthetic experience a bearer of culture and tradition It is not cuisine but calories The efficiency of sugar fit nicely with the ascendant dehumanization that was British industrialismLike famine malnutrition promotes infant mortality and suppresses the birthrate biasing the population toward working adultsOn agriculture todayAfter the agricultural revolution Before farming had been uniuely autonomous of industry because machines couldn t make food only nature could All of a sudden machines were integral to the processHowever the business of directly supporting prices with cash payments to farmers didn t emerge in force until the Great Depression These payments were intended to keep food cheap to keep farmers on the land to diversify the crop base and above all to be temporary They have succeeded only in the first goalIrrigation now accounts for 70 percent of the freshwater used by humansAmerican farmers have always grown commodities in surplus Our country is almost uniue in having never known famine Even during the worst of the breadlines in the Great Depression there was surplus grainExpecting farmers to respond to market signals now is a bit like expecting an alcoholic to order the herbal tea at an open bar This is the legacy of subsidy Governments including Mexico s got in the business of making nitrogen cheap and farmers lapped it up but it created a welfare state Emblematic of that state is a deep seated irrationality that ignores cause and effectWe hide grain surpluses in foreign aid but the traditional way of hiding corn is in livestockThe original purpose of the USDA department of agriculture s food pyramid was to encourage consumption of the surplus grain and meat that was being producedFor instance the raising of swine for food was banned in the Middle East as recently was coffee use among Mormons because omnivorous swine ate scarce protein and coffee which had to be imported in nineteenth century Utah took a heavy toll on resources That is the taboos were used to enforce a social good not rooted in avoiding toxins Taboos could be useful but just as often they were used to divide peopleThe central strategy of the chains is to dumb down every operation to process food and freeze it at centralized factories so that it can be thawed and served at restaurants by unskilled labor As a conseuence there are no unionized McDonald s and the average wage of fast food workers is now the lowest of any sector in the United States including migrant farm workersA thirty two ounce soda and a tank of gas is America distilled to its seminal fluids sugar syrup and oilWhat nowThe political system cannot be counted on to reform agriculture because any political system is a creation of agriculture a coevolved entity The major forces that shaped and shape our world disease imperialism colonialism slavery trade wealth all are a part of the culture agriculture evolved We carry evidence of its disease in our bones and blood of its pollutants in our cells as surely as those ten thousand

Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download

Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Free download ´ 5 S biologists archaeologists and philosophers along with his own travels he argues that not only our ecological ills overpopulation erosion pollution but our social and emotional malaise are rooted in the devil's bargain we made in our not so distant past And he offers personal achievable ways we might re contour the path we have taken to resurrect what is most sustainable and sustaining in our own nature and the planet'. I think this book was unfortunately made irrelevant by a similar but better book The Omnivore s Dilemma not long after its publication At least I assume Omnivore s Dilemma came after or it s hard to believe Manning would not have uoted Pollan even once Still a fascinating and alarming read though It touched some issues that the Omnivore s Dilemma didn t include like the tremendous toll of shrimp farming on important mangrove habitats Manning s perspective was interesting Like Pollan he thinks it s correct to say that the grain grasses domesticated humans This leads Manning down an interesting thought experiment at the end Manning believes or believed that we could never expect politics to help us fix agriculture because civilization and politics have co evolved with grains and agriculture He believes the very notion of progress is uniue to agricultural civilized people Indeed what would progress mean to a hunter gatherer if not easier and tastier foodManning may be out on a limb here but I ll follow him a bit because he says the one true thing that most other people seem to be avoiding That true thing is that if we re morally bound to feed and protect every baby that s born as a result of a reproductive accident then we re dead before we start The only hope that the world can avoid mass starvation and disease is by reducing the number of people that the earth needs to support I can appreciate why he kept his thoughts on this subject to less than a paragraph though any time someone talks about the possibility that the world is or may someday be overpopulated an ignorant horde of nutcases bethinks themselves to incite a class war over population control or a religious war over contraception But he did manage to say it so I give him credit


10 thoughts on “[KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

  1. says: Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning March 2 to 3 2013 Coming back to this book after 25 years stewing in sustainable agriculture environmental history and Deep Ecology made me realize how impressive Manning's accomplishment with this book was He fits a vast argument deftly into a

  2. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning Agriculture is one of humankind’s most troublesome experiments and it is now hopelessly in debt It has borrowed soil water and energy that it can never repay and never intended to repay — burning up tomorrow to feed today We know it we keep doing it and we have dark hallucinations about feeding billions Agriculture has become civilization’s tar baby Richard Manning is among my favorite writers He slings snappy li

  3. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning I was a bit unsure what to expect from this book Manning starts out with some history of agriculture and conflicts between agricultural and huntergatherer type communities and throughout I was rather expecting a

  4. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Agriculture has domesticated humans This is the argument at the center of Richard Manning's stunning history of food Writt

  5. says: Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

    Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Reads like a agriculturally focused version of Jared Diamond's Guns Germs and Steel On huntingHunting enlivens the senses like no other experience giving me a taste of what it must be like to truly see and hearThe human beings who maintain these hyper refined senses are hunter gatherers Their impressive powers

  6. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning One day soon I'll give this the full review it deserves

  7. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning This book consists of two halves a history of the world and a political polemic For almost all of our existence as a species humans have been hunters fishers and gatherers People have been eating parts of hundreds

  8. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

    Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization I think this book was unfortunately made irrelevant by a similar but better book The Omnivore's Dilemma not long after its publication At least I assume Omnivore's Dilemma came after or it's hard to believe Manning would not have uoted Polla

  9. says: [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Some of the sociohistorical evidence that Mr Manning brings up to back how agriculture has hijacked civilization are really fascinating and at times shocking The book exposes the reader to substantial bits and pieces of anecdotes from history from the perspective of how our society has evolved and will continue to evolve around agriculture; t

  10. says: Summary Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning Richard Manning ¼ 5 Download

    [KINDLE] Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization By Richard Manning Download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Richard Manning I was stunned when I picked up this book I'd been reading about the history of agricultural societies for a while and rea

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Paperback
  • 240
  • Against the Grain How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization
  • Richard Manning
  • English
  • 26 July 2019
  • 9780865477131